Unique Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

| 15 Jul 2022
Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

“Don’t look at the gear gate,” shouts owner Ben Eastick over the exhausts. “The pattern is normal, but the gate’s back-to-front and it’ll just confuse you.”

And he’s right. The last gearchange I experienced that demanded this much concentration – and respect, for its huge, weighty stick – was in a Scammell Explorer. Even a ‘WO’ Bentley’s right-handed four-speed is more instinctive.

But once you learn to trust your intuition and thrust the lever where you want it, any nervousness recedes.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The Bentley T-type Special returned to the Eastick family almost 40 years after Ben’s father sold the car

It doesn’t feel as if there’s much synchromesh at play, but it’s better as it warms, still preferring a deliberate double-declutch down to second… just like a Scammell (or a WO Bentley, as it happens).

Not that it matters much which ratio you select in this unique Bentley T-type Special.

With a near-flat torque curve that doesn’t so much peak as flatline at 400lb ft once you’re over about 1500rpm, and only c2425lb to propel including driver and fuel (it weighs 2236lb, just over a metric tonne), it is prodigiously fast in any gear.

Rolls-Royce advised that its pushrod V8 shouldn’t be revved to more than 5000rpm – though it now runs custom-made solid lifters – but the telltale sits 1000pm lower, and that’s quite enough for our small test track, especially with the 2.88:1 diff.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The spacious cockpit features an inverted gearbox from a Bentley R-type Continental

It’s a mild balancing act to get it off the line, because it doesn’t feel as if there’s much flywheel.

Eastick says it’s much smoother since the blower was fitted, and here the low extra mass of its internals must help.

With a bit of heat in the works, it turns into quite a benign thing, though there’s always more than enough beans to light the rear tyres and squirrel the tail.

It tracks nice and straight, and doesn’t dart about on turn-in or brakes.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The supercharger is driven directly from the nose of the crank, limiting revs and therefore boost

That may change, because Eastick plans to tune out the slight understeer with castor, camber and a little toe out, but the front doesn’t push wide as much as you’d expect from contemporary reports that finger-wagged over the weight of the blower up front.

It worked for Birkin and Villiers, and that’s essentially the spirit Ben’s father Barry set out to recreate with this car.

Being brave, you can just about redline it in second on Bicester’s short straight, though experimentally using third – and then, once, fourth – reels in the line of cones at the end even faster, such is the torque.

The brakes – standard Silver Shadow solid discs – squeal a little but pull straight and with enough bite not to unnerve you.

It has run servos in the past, but really doesn’t need them.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The huge performance from the supercharged V8 seems to shrink the already compact Bicester Heritage track

The steering is pleasant enough, lightening up as soon as you’re on the move.

It now uses GM-sourced rack and pinion and no doubt would have been more vague with the old recirculating-ball system. Especially in the wet, as its originator found out.

Generally, it’s quite controllable – chuckable, even – with a few more laps to get some heat into the Dunlop Racers.

Only after walking away do you realise that it reminds you of an enormous Caterham Seven – if you can imagine one on ’60s Formula One-sized wets (the same size as original GT40 rubber, as it happens).

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The Bentley’s tyres are the same size as those found on the original Ford GT40

And therein lies the conundrum: it is pretty huge, although that’s accentuated by the long nose.

Eastick points out that its footprint is just about the same as an old-style, Offenhauser-powered Indy racer but, given the choice, you probably wouldn’t start from here.

The clue is in the chassis number, SSSC-2, which stands for ‘Silver Shadow Special Chassis 2’.

It all started in the early 1970s when Barry Eastick, a keen racer with the Bentley Drivers Club, wanted something to improve on his MkVI Special.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

A Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow isn’t a conventional starting place for a single-seat race car

He’d noticed the two prototype Silver Shadow/Bentley T1 chassis doing the rounds to promote Rolls-Royce’s revolutionary new saloon – with monocoque construction, independent suspension and discs all round – and cheekily asked if he might have one.

The answer, incredibly, was yes, authorised from the very top by chairman Sir David Plaistow – though R-R, via marketing director John Craig, insisted on a hands-off approach.

And £1100 inc VAT later Barrington R Eastick was the proud owner of a set of running gear, including the 6.2-litre aluminium V8.

The next issue was getting it built.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Barry Eastick acquired the Bentley T-type Special’s running gear from Rolls-Royce in the early ’70s

He initially consulted with Alan Padgett, a well-known and respected specials builder who provided sketches clearly inspired by the Phil Scragg Lister-Jaguar ‘Monzanapolis’, but constructing it proved beyond home-building capabilities.

So he turned to respected race-car constructor Lyncar, conveniently situated behind his sugar-processing factory in Slough and a stone’s-throw from where the Lola GT and GT40s were built, so he could easily keep an eye on the work.

Lyncar essentially took the front and rear subframes and tied them together with box-section spaceframe longerons, keeping the double wishbones at the front and trailing arms at the rear, though suspended by conventional coil-overs rather than the self-levelling struts found in the saloon.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The Bentley T-type Special’s body being built at Maurice Gomm’s workshop

The standard solid discs and calipers were retained, but without the Citroën-style high-pressure hydraulics, changed to a simple and conventional (in racing terms) dual-circuit system split front/rear, bias-adjustable via a balance bar between the master cylinders.

There’s even a handbrake. And a horn…

Just to complicate things, the team decided to supercharge the car, in the spirit of the ‘Blower’ Bentleys that Eastick Snr so admired.

“He wanted a vane-type blower,” son Ben confirms.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Alan Padgett’s original sketches for the Bentley show the ambition to get the main weight as close as possible to the car’s centre line

The Wade unit sits in front of the engine, just as in the pre-war Amherst Villiers design, directly driven from the front of the crankshaft.

That limits revs, and therefore boost, but there were 6.2 litres to play with, so it wasn’t considered to be too much of an issue.

The compressor sucks through a pair of 2in SU carbs, just like a vintage ‘Blower’.

For the transmission, the close-ratio four-speed from a Bentley R-type Continental was selected, though in hindsight it would probably go just as well with a GM Hydramatic as fitted to post-’71 Shadows and Ts.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Rolls-Royce recommended that the original pushrod V8 engine should not be revved above 5000rpm

This has to be inverted to bring the gearchange up on the left, leading to that reversed gate, but a pivoted linkage returns it to normal at the driver’s end of the lever.

Sorting the induction was one of the biggest headaches.

Originally, Barry Eastick wanted to try injection or turbocharging, and even asked Mercedes for advice for the former.

For the latter he was told that Crewe wasn’t sufficiently far down that road, though its efforts eventually resulted in the Mulsanne Turbo.

Respectfully, I think the Easticks might have dodged a bullet there.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Barry Eastick on pole for the Times Trophy Bentley scratch race at Silverstone, ’77

The rest is conventional 1960s: the body is by Maurice Gomm and the wheels are Minilites, wearing Dunlop Racers.

Eastick Snr’s first time out was at BDC Silverstone in 1976, but the car broke its layshaft.

He was back the following year, broke the BDC lap record and put it on pole… and then it rained.

Slightly unpredictable steering from the original recirculating-ball set-up and a chassis that tended towards understeer did the rest.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Ben and his mother, Anne, chat to Barry at Silverstone

After the subsequent crash it was rebuilt without the blower and later Eastick even drove the car on the road, fitted with mudguards (rather fetching ’70s-style mouldings), lights and numberplates.

“He would go off up the M4 to work with his briefcase,” remembers Ben.

Then, in 1981, the Special was sold, and by ’94 it was in the USA.

Ben takes up the story, his enthusiasm for the car shining through: “The original plan was to take the Bentley name back to Le Mans, and this was the first step.”

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut
Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Fitted with lights and numberplates, the Bentley T-type Special makes for an outrageous road car

“It really goes back to 1931, when Rolls-Royce bought Bentley and said that Bentleys would never race again,” he continues.

“But various Bentley Drivers Club members felt strongly enough to keep the name alive in racing.

“It was a hugely complicated process, and that made my dad ill.

“When he sold it, I said: ‘One day I’m going to bring that back.’

“This was the car from my childhood, and in nearly every period picture I’m there in the background.”

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The supercharger in the T-type Special uses the same system as the ‘Blower’ Bentleys of the ’30s

“About 15 years ago it was for sale for $3m, but that would have meant selling my D-type, which I wasn’t prepared to do,” Ben explains.

“Then four years ago I saw it on the internet. I knew where it was – I had been tracking it – and luckily Bob Halpern, who had owned it until 2007, hadn’t had the money to do much apart from a few concours events, and that’s what saved it.

“Eventually the owner said he would sell the car to me for what he paid for it.”

The car arrived back in the UK in March 2017 and went straight to Classic Performance Engineering at Bicester Heritage, which looks after Eastick’s Jaguar.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

A photograph from the Bentley T-type Special’s track debut in ’76

“To start with, we just changed the fluids and got it running to be able to have a drive around on site,” says James Waddington, who did the recommissioning and restoration work.

Eastick then competed at BDC Silverstone in August 2017 without the blower.

He qualified second and led the first lap but, with the engine overheating, he finished fourth in the Bentley scratch race.

“In December we did some cold, wet-weather testing see how the original set-up worked, then stripped every nut and bolt,” says Waddington.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

‘Being brave, you can just about redline it in second on Bicester’s short straight’

He continues: “The suspension and safety-critical items were crack-tested and surface-finished.

“The wiring was completely replaced and the chassis painted, but the body wears its original Jaguar Midnight Blue paint.

“The Americans had put stickers down the sides, but luckily Richard Tipper of Perfection Valet was able to save the paintwork.”

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The Bentley’s elegant proportions were inspired by the Lister ‘Monzanapolis’

CPE boss Martin Greaves adds: “The R-type gearbox has been the Achilles’ heel of Bentley Specials for decades because it was only designed to handle 200bhp.

“We rebuilt it but it failed as the lap times came down in testing before BDC Silverstone in 2019, and again a year later.

“We redesigned and remade the gears and shafts, and put on ‘handcuffs’ to keep the shafts together. Otherwise the immense torque forces them apart and it starts stripping gears.”

The engine was still the original development unit, which Eastick wanted to keep, so CPE engineered tie straps to strengthen the bottom of the block.

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Upon its return to the UK, Ben Eastick’s Bentley T-type Special was restored by Classic Performance Engineering at Bicester Heritage

The Roots-type Wade supercharger was the original and came back with the car from the USA, apart from one part of the inlet, subsequently found in late Lyncar boss Martin Slater’s garage in Wales.

Waddington reinstalled the Ki-Gass system, a manual pump that injects a small amount of fuel into the intake instead of using a choke.

The ‘Blower’ Bentleys of the ’30s used exactly the same system.

“He didn’t know where to put it,” explains Eastick, “but the only place for it was on the transmission cover – which is exactly where it was originally.”

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

The Bentley T-type Special struggled to find racing success in period

“Once the supercharger was commissioned, we did development work on the SU carburettors to get the fuelling correct throughout the rev range, which involved turning down the carb needles to the correct profile,” Eastick continues.

“Barry and Lyncar never got to that development stage in period.”

The rebuild also made it possible to incorporate rack-and-pinion steering for the first time.

“Because Crewe was working with General Motors in the 1960s, it is a GM unit,” says Eastick, “which Barry intended to fit for the 1978 season but it never happened.”

Classic & Sports Car - Bentley T-type Special: Crewe cut

Ben Eastick pushes the unique Bentley racer towards its first win, at the BDC Times Trophy race at Silverstone in August 2021 © Roger Gage

“The original, unassisted recirculating-ball steering was adapted for road use with a Jaguar servo, so the rack-and-pinion was never tested until now,” he explains.

It all worked: Eastick finally won the car’s first race, the BDC Times Trophy scratch race at the Bentley Drivers Club meeting in August 2021, vindicating his decision to keep the car at its original 6230cc, when upgunning it to 6750 would have been easy.

“To top it all,” says Eastick, “it’s the only Bentley racer to have had Crewe’s blessing at the very highest level.” 

Images: Max Edleston

Thanks to Classic Performance Engineering; Scramblers


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